74% of all new leprosy-affected individuals diagnosed in the world live in Asia. India reported 127 326 new cases, accounting for 60% the world burden of leprosy. An increase in the number of new cases detected is observed in Asia. It can be attributed partly to innovative leprosy awareness and case detection campaigns. Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and the Philippines also have high numbers of leprosy-affected individuals. Globally 38.8% of all new cases are female. This low proportion indicates the difficulty of access to leprosy services for women and the possible effects of discrimination against women with leprosy. The detection of leprosy in children indicates the continued transmission of infection in the communities.
To better understand the situation of a recipient country, we take into account its HDI ranking compared to the rest of the world. The Human Development Index (HDI) is published by the United Nations Development Programme. The HDI combines three dimensions: Life expectancy at birth — Education Index in years of schooling — Standard of living.
The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) measures poverty based on income and by adding other indicators. Some indicators are child mortality, malnutrition, years of schooling, a household without electricity and the lack of assets.
Asia 2017 - 4 countries - 16 projects
HDI ranking 142/187 - Life Expectancy 71.6 years - Poverty MPI 49.5%
One project. Partner: Damien Foundation
Budget 2017: $ 60 060
In Tangail - Jamalpur districts. The Tangail Leprosy Control Program provides advocacy, communication, and social mobilization, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of Tuberculosis and Leprosy patients including outpatient and inpatient services. Also, the program provides prevention of disabilities activities for leprosy-affected individuals.This project covers all three strategic goals: Zero Transmission, Zero Disabilities, and Zero Discrimination.
HDI ranking 130/187 - Life Expectancy 68 years - Poverty MPI 55.3%
Thirteen projects. Partners: Damien Foundation, Fairmed, Lepra
Budget 2017: $ 226 550
India is divided into 29 states. Our projects are located in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana (South), Maharashtra (West), Odisha and Bihar(East). Activities include early detection, treatments, outpatient and inpatient clinics, reconstructive surgery to improve functional capacities, disability care services, community awareness to reduce stigma and empowerment of people affected by leprosy. These projects cover all three strategic goals: Zero Transmission, Zero Disabilities, and Zero Discrimination.
HDI ranking 145/187 - Life Expectancy 69.6 years - Poverty MPI 41.4%
One project. Partner: DAHW
Budget 2017: $ 50 050
Leprosy and Tuberculosis project in the mid-western region of Nepal which still have a high leprosy prevalence. Leprosy control program and prevention of disabilities activities. Advocacy and awareness raising programs such as mass media information and school health education. This project cover all three strategic goals: Zero Transmission, Zero Disabilities, and Zero Discrimination.
HDI ranking 115/187 - Life Expectancy 68.2 years - Poverty MPI 6.3%
One project. Partner: American Leprosy Mission
Budget 2017: $ 33 500
The Cebu Skin Clinic Project aims to significantly decrease the leprosy burden in the province of Cebu. Project beneficiaries are likewise recruited in various research projects in search for new diagnostic, immunologic and chemotherapeutic modalities to improve leprosy control services in various settings. The main purpose of this project is Zero Disabilities.